Учебник по английскому языку 1 курс

/ Учебник по английскому языку 1 курс

Грамматика: имя существительное, личные местоимения, числительные, формы глаголов to be, to have. порядок слов в утвердительном предложении

I. Прочтите следующие слова по правилам:

children. mean. hospital, student, person, pure, leave, while, member, third, treatment, type, skull, chest, shoulder, fiber, agent, strong, bone, line

II. Прочтите следующие слова по транскрипции:

anatomy[ q ’ nxtqmi]. chemistry [‘ kemistri]. microbiology[, mQikrObQi ’ OlqGi], patient [‘ peiSqnt]. medicin [‘ medsin]. pathology[ pq ’ TOlqGi]. blood [ blAd]. atrium [‘ eitrium]. mind [m Qind]. general [‘ Genqrql]. responsible [ ris ’ pOnsqbl]. library [‘ lQibrqri]. health [ helT]

III. Образуйте единственное число существительных:

parents, children, libraries, types, lives, women, houses, mice, relatives, teeth, babies

IV. Объясните употребление предлогов, прочтите предложения и переведите их:

1. The lectures delivered by the professors of our Institute are interesting. 2. I write my exercises with a pen. 3. Our assistant’s experiments were successful. 4. He pays great attention to his studies. 5. This book was written by a famous writer. 6. The article was about doctors. 7. He gave the textbook to his friend. 8. The patients of this doctor were children. 9. Children’s parents asked many questions.

V. Прочтите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на местоимения:

1. We live with our parents. 2. Her son works with my uncle. 3. I live not far from you and your sister. 4. Their flat is on the second floor. 5. She finished our school. 6. Our doctor is young. 7. We have a dog. We like it and it likes us.

VI. Раскройте скобки, употребив соответствующую форму личных местоимений:

1. (I) friend sends (I) many letters. 2. (He) brother knows (you). 3. (I) often see (they) in the park. 4. Don’t ask (he) about (he) wife. 5. (He) met (she) at the party.

6. (We ) teacher greets (we) every morning. (We) greet (she) too. 7. (You) son studies together with (I).

VII. Назовите следующие числительные:

3547. 20й, 0.005, 1987год, 1/3, 209, 31й, 2.65, 2/5

VIII. Вставьте соответствующую форму глагола to be в настоящем времени.

1. He … a student. 2. You … students. 3. I … a teacher. 4. She … a young lady. 5. It … a car. 6. Nick … from London. 7. Ann … a doctor. 8. This … a book. 9. The door … open. 10. They … friends. 11. His name … Jack. 12. I … from Novosibirsk.

IX. Найдите в предложениях глагол to be. определите его время и переведите предложения:

1. Mike is a student. 2. His mother was a doctor. 3. Helen and Ann are schoolgirls. 4. The Smiths were in Paris. 5. His daughter will be a student. 6. She is married. 7. Her husband was in the hospital. 8. I will be seventeen.

X. Вставьте глагол to be в соответствующей форме:

1. I … in London in summer. 2. My son … a schoolboy next year. 3. Our relatives … at home now. 4. My sister … a housewife. 5. His daughter … in Paris last year. 6. His nephew … a doctor in a year. 7. Her husband … twenty seven yesterday. 8. My son’s friends … students of the medical university.

XI. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Are you a student of the stomatological faculty?

2. Was it difficult to enter the university?

3. Is it interesting to study at the medical university?

4. Are your friends students?

5. Is your mother a doctor?

6. Will you be a good student?

7. Were you in Moscow this summer/

8. Is anatomy your favourite subject?

XII. Определите время глагола to have и переведите предложения:

1. They had a house but now they have a flat. 2. My friend will have a new job soon. 3. Her aunt has two children. 4. I have no car. 5. His daughter has many English books. 6. He has no relatives in France. 7. They have breakfast at nine o’clock. 8. She had a headache yesterday. 9. I will have no time tomorrow. 10. Their children have no problems.

XIII. Переведите предложения:

1. У нее было много друзей. 2. У наших родственников новая квартира. 3. У него болит зуб. 4. Обычно они обедают в три часа. 5. У них была большая семья. 6. Я сегодня не завтракал. 7. Завтра у меня будет свободное время.

XIV. Составьте предложения, соответствующие русскому варианту:

1. Мой двоюродный брат хороший врач. doctor, cousin, a, is, good, my

2. В этом институте учатся друзья моей дочери. friends, study, my, this, institute, daughter’s, at

3. У него много родственников. many, he, relatives, has

4. В этом отделении работает 15 врачей. work, fifteen, doctors, in, department, our

5. Их сейчас нет дома. home, now, they, not, are, at

6. Его дочери завтра исполнится 5 лет. five, his, tomorrow, will, daughter, be

7. Прошлым летом мы не были в Москве. were, in, last, not, we, Moscow, summer

XV. Поставьте слова в правильном порядке:

1. policeman, from, is, John, a, New York

2. is, coffee, nice, not, English, very

3. Tim, in, work, and, Madrid, Sally

4. has, very, free, he, time, little

XVI. Прочтите следующие слова и дайте их русские эквиваленты:

Biology, college, computer programmer, practical, pensioner, visit

XVII. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:

What does he/she look like? – Как он/она выглядит? good-looking — симпатичный

fair hair [‘ fFq ‘ hFq] — светлые волосы to look younger — выглядеть моложе

medium height [‘ mJdjqm hQit] — средний рост tall [ tOl] — высокий

experienced [ iks ’ piqriqnst] — опытный, квалифицированный broad-shouldered [‘ brLd ‘ Souldid] — широкоплечий

to have much in common — иметь много общего different views on smth [ vjHz] — разные взгляды на ч-л to be fond of — увлекаться. любить

to go in for sports — заниматься спортом to take care of smb [ kFq] — заботиться о к-л to be good at smth — быть способным к ч-л

to tidy — убирать, приводить в порядок to run the house — вести хозяйство

to be married [‘ mqerid] — быть женатым/замужем one’s own [ oun] — собственный

lawyer [ lLjq] — юрист housewife — домохозяйка son [ sAn] — сын

daughter [‘ dLtq] — дочь nephew [ nevjH] — племянник niece [ nJs] — племянница relative — родственник

to get on well — быть в хороших отношениях, ладить pet — питомец, любимец

XVIII. Прочтите и переведите текст:

I am Ann Smirnova. Ann is my first name and Smirnova is my surname or family name. I am seventeen. I want to tell you some words about my family. It is not very large. We are five in the family: my mum, dad, grandmother, brother and me.

My mother is a teacher of biology. She works in a college. She is a goodlooking woman with grey eyes and fair hair. She is forty four but looks much younger. She is medium height and slim.

My father is a computer programmer. He is very experienced. He is a broadshouldered, tall man with dark hair. He is forty five. My parents have much in common. But they have different views on books, films and sports. For example, my father is fond of football and tennis. My mother doesn’t go in for sports but she is fond of reading books and different magazines. My parents are hard working people. My mother keeps the house and takes care of us. She is very good at cooking and she is very practical. I try to help her with the housework. I wash dishes, go shopping and tidy our flat.

My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house. My brother Nick is twenty three. He is married and has a family of his own.

He is a lawyer. His wife is a housewife. They have twins – a son and a daughter. I often visit them and play with my nephew and niece.

We have many relatives and we get on well.

I am fond of animals. We have two pets. They are a big dog and an Angora

XIX. Переведите следующие словосочетания:

имя и фамилия, иметь много родственников, сын и дочь, племянник и племянница, в нашей семье три человека, симпатичный человек, светловолосая женщина, широкоплечий мужчина, стройная девушка

среднего роста, высокий парень, у нас много общего, у них разные взгляды на жизнь, увлекаться музыкой, заниматься спортом, хорошо готовить, быть способным к языкам, заботиться о детях, вести хозяйство, убирать квартиру, мыть посуду, ходить по магазинам, быть замужем, хорошо ладить с кемлибо, иметь питомца

I. Answer the questions:

1. What is your first name?

2. What is your family name?

3. How old are you?

4. Is your family large?

5. How large is your family?

6. What is your mother?

7. What does she look like?

8. What is your father?

9. What does he look like?

10. Do you get on well with your parents? 11, Do you have much in common with them?

12. What do you have different views with your parents on?

13. Do you have a brother or a sister?

14. Do you have a niece or a nephew?

15. Do you have many relatives?

16. Who runs your house?

17. Do you help your parents with the housework?

18. Do you have grandparents?

19. Are they pensioners?

20. Do you have a pet?

II. Translate the sentences:

1. Наша семья не очень большая. Нас четверо: мама, папа, старшая сестра и я.

2. Моя мама симпатичная, стройная женщина среднего роста. У нее светлые волосы. Она домохозяйка.

3. Мой папа высокий и широкоплечий. Он опытный юрист.

4. У меня хорошие отношения с родителями, потому что у нас много общего. Но у нас разные взгляды на одежду и музыку.

5. Моя мама ведет хозяйство. Но я помогаю ей убирать квартиру и мыть посуду.

Иногда я хожу в магазин.

6. Моя старшая сестра замужем. У нее своя семья. Ее муж программист. У них

сын. Он мой племянник. Племянницы у меня нет.

7. Я занимаюсь спортом, и говорят, что у меня есть способности к химии.

8. У нас есть любимец. Это большая и умная собака. Ее зовут Зус.

9. Мои бабушка и дедушка пенсионеры. Они живут в другом городе. Мы часто

III. Tell us some words about your family.

I. Выучите следующие слова и выражения:

to enter the university [ entq] — поступить в университет alarm clock [ q ’ lRm] — будильник

to wake up — просыпаться

to take a shower [ SQuq] — принимать душ to get dressed — одеваться

sausage [‘ sLsiG] — колбаса

to leave (left, left) — уходить, покидать underground station — станция метро

It takes me … to … — мне нужно …, чтобы

favourite subject [‘ feivqrit ‘ sAbGqkt] — любимый предмет to move [ mHv] — переезжать

to be hungry [‘ hANri] — быть голодным, хотеть есть

to do home assignment [ q ’ sQinmqnt] — делать домашнее задание hour [ Quq] — час

favourite activities [ q ’ ktivitiz] — любимое занатие to look forward [‘ fLwqd] — с нетерпением ждать

II. Прочтите и переведите текст:

This year I entered the Medical University. Now I am a first-year student. On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30. In ten minutes I get up and my working day begins. I go to the bathroom, take a shower and clean my teeth. After that I go to my room and get dressed.

My mother makes breakfast for me. Usually I have a cheese or sausage sandwich and a cup of coffee with cream.

I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Sometimes I go by bus. It takes me 40 minutes to get to the university. Our classes begin at 8.20. Usually we have two or three lectures and practical classes. We study many subjects but human anatomy is my favourite one. It is very interesting but difficult. During the day we have to move from one block` to another. Usually I have lunch in a cafй but sometimes I have no time to have it.

I come home at about 7 sometimes later. I am always very hungry. So first I have dinner and have a little rest. Then I do my home assignments. It takes me two or three hours. In the evening I watch TV or listen to music. And I go to bed at about 12. When I have free time my favourite activities are going to the movies or different parties or clubs with my friends or playing volleyball. But on my weekdays I am very busy. So I always look forward to Sundays to do the things like that.

I. Answer the questions.

2. When do you usually get up on weekdays?

3. What do you do in the morning?

4. Do you have breakfast?

5. What do you have for breakfast/

6. When do you leave the house?

7. How do you get to the university?

8. How long does it take you to get to the university?

9. When do your classes begin?

10. What is your favourite subject?

11. Where do you usually have lunch?

12. When do you come home?

13. What do you do in the evening?

14. How long does it take you to do your homework?

15. Do you have much free time?

16. What are your favourite activities when you have free time?

II. Tell us about your working day.

Грамматика: Present Simple, степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий, модальные глаголы

ENGLISH AND ITS ROLE

FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

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